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Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya

Lahr, MM; Rivera, F; Power, RK; Mounier, A; Copsey, B; Crivellaro, F; Edung, JE; Fernandez, JMM; Kiarie, C; Lawrence, J; Leakey, A; Mbua, E; Miller, H; Muigai, A; Mukhongo, DM; Van Baelen, A; Wood, R; Schwenninger, JL; Grun, R; Achyuthan, H; Wilshaw, A; F

NATURE
2016
VL / 529 - BP / 394 - EP / +
abstract
The nature of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers remains disputed, with arguments in favour and against the existence of warfare before the development of sedentary societies(1,2). Here we report on a case of inter-group violence towards a group of hunter-gatherers from Nataruk, west of Lake Turkana, which during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene period extended about 30 km beyond its present-day shore(3). Ten of the twelve articulated skeletons found at Nataruk show evidence of having died violently at the edge of a lagoon, into which some of the bodies fell. The remains from Nataruk are unique, preserved by the particular conditions of the lagoon with no evidence of deliberate burial. They offer a rare glimpse into the life and death of past foraging people, and evidence that warfare was part of the repertoire of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers.
66th Global

AccesS level

Green Accepted

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  •   News
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PROYECTO FINANCIADO POR PLAN NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN, MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN. PID2019-109127RB-I00