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Tsunami waves extensively resurfaced the shorelines of an early Martian ocean

Rodriguez, JAP; Fairen, AG; Tanaka, KL; Zarroca, M; Linares, R; Platz, T; Komatsu, G; Miyamoto, H; Kargel, JS; Yan, JG; Gulick, V; Higuchi, K; Baker, VR; Glines, N

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
2016
VL / 6 - BP / - EP /
abstract
It has been proposed that similar to 3.4 billion years ago an ocean fed by enormous catastrophic floods covered most of the Martian northern lowlands. However, a persistent problem with this hypothesis is the lack of definitive paleoshoreline features. Here, based on geomorphic and thermal image mapping in the circum-Chryse and northwestern Arabia Terra regions of the northern plains, in combination with numerical analyses, we show evidence for two enormous tsunami events possibly triggered by bolide impacts, resulting in craters similar to 30 km in diameter and occurring perhaps a few million years apart. The tsunamis produced widespread littoral landforms, including run-up water-ice-rich and bouldery lobes, which extended tens to hundreds of kilometers over gently sloping plains and boundary cratered highlands, as well as backwash channels where wave retreat occurred on highland-boundary surfaces. The ice-rich lobes formed in association with the younger tsunami, showing that their emplacement took place following a transition into a colder global climatic regime that occurred after the older tsunami event. We conclude that, on early Mars, tsunamis played a major role in generating and resurfacing coastal terrains.
101st Global

AccesS level

DOAJ Gold, Green Published, Green Accepted

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PROYECTO FINANCIADO POR PLAN NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN, MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN. PID2019-109127RB-I00