MENU

Updated Global Estimates of Respiratory Mortality in Adults >= 30 Years of Age Attributable to Long-Term Ozone Exposure

Malley, CS; Henze, DK; Kuylenstierna, JCI; Vallack, HW; Davila, Y; Anenberg, SC; Turner, MC; Ashmore, MR

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
2017
VL / 125 - BP / - EP /
abstract
BACKGROUND: Relative risk estimates for long-term ozone (O-3) exposure and respiratory mortality from the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) cohort have been used to estimate global O-3-attributable mortality in adults. Updated relative risk estimates are now available for the same cohort based on an expanded study population with longer follow-up. OBJECTIVES: We estimated the global burden and spatial distribution of respiratory mortality attributable to long-term O-3 exposure in adults >= 30 y of age using updated effect estimates from the ACS CPS-II cohort. METHODS: We used GEOS-Chem simulations (2 x 2.5 degrees grid resolution) to estimate annual O-3 exposures, and estimated total respiratory deaths in 2010 that were attributable to long-term annual O-3 exposure based on the updated relative risk estimates and minimum risk thresholds set at the minimum or fifth percentile of O-3 exposure in the most recent CPS-II analysis. These estimates were compared with attributable mortality based on the earlier CPS-II analysis, using 6-mo average exposures and risk thresholds corresponding to the minimum or fifth percentile of O-3 exposure in the earlier study population. RESULTS: We estimated 1.04-1.23 million respiratory deaths in adults attributable to O-3 exposures using the updated relative risk estimate and exposure parameters, compared with 0.40-0.55 million respiratory deaths attributable to O-3 exposures based on the earlier CPS-II risk estimate and parameters. Increases in estimated attributable mortality were larger in northern India, southeast China, and Pakistan than in Europe, eastern United States, and northeast China. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the potential magnitude of health benefits of air quality policies targeting O-3, health co-benefits of climate mitigation policies, and health implications of climate change-driven changes in O-3 concentrations, arc larger than previously thought.

AccesS level

DOAJ Gold, Green Published, Green Accepted

Mentions data

PAPER MENTIONS
Pharmacology & Toxicology
  •   Twitter
  • 3
  •   Wikipedia
  • 0
  •   News
  • 5
  •   Policy
  • 3

Mentions Chart

Influratio by dimension
  • Twitter
  • Wikipedia
  • News
  • Policy
PAPER MENTIONS
  •   Twitter
  • 3
  •   Wikipedia
  • 0
  •   News
  • 5
  •   Policy
  • 3
PROYECTO FINANCIADO POR PLAN NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN, MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN. PID2019-109127RB-I00