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Costs of migratory decisions: A comparison across eight white stork populations

Flack, A; Fiedler, W; Blas, J; Pokrovsky, I; Kaatz, M; Mitropolsky, M; Aghababyan, K; Fakriadis, I; Makrigianni, E; Jerzak, L; Azafzaf, H; Feltrup-Azafzaf, C; Rotics, S; Mokotjomela, TM; Nathan, R; Wikelski, M

SCIENCE ADVANCES
2016
VL / 2 - BP / - EP /
abstract
Annual migratory movements can range from a few tens to thousands of kilometers, creating unique energetic requirements for each specific species and journey. Even within the same species, migration costs can vary largely because of flexible, opportunistic life history strategies. We uncover the large extent of variation in the lifetime migratory decisions of young white storks originating from eight populations. Not only did juvenile storks differ in their geographically distinct wintering locations, their diverse migration patterns also affected the amount of energy individuals invested for locomotion during the first months of their life. Overwintering in areas with higher human population reduced the stork's overall energy expenditure because of shorter daily foraging trips, closer wintering grounds, or a complete suppression of migration. Because migrants can change ecological processes in several distinct communities simultaneously, understanding their life history decisions helps not only to protect migratory species but also to conserve stable ecosystems.

AccesS level

DOAJ Gold, Green Published

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PROYECTO FINANCIADO POR PLAN NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN, MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN. PID2019-109127RB-I00