MENU

Colder Weather and Fewer Sunlight Hours Increase Alcohol Consumption and Alcoholic Cirrhosis Worldwide

Ventura-Cots, M; Watts, AE; Cruz-Lemini, M; Shah, ND; Ndugga, N; McCann, P; Barritt, AS; Jain, A; Ravi, S; Fernandez-Carrillo, C; Abraldes, JG; Altamirano, J; Bataller, R

HEPATOLOGY
2019
VL / 69 - BP / 1916 - EP / 1930
abstract
Risk of alcoholic cirrhosis is determined by genetic and environmental factors. We aimed to investigate if climate has a causal effect on alcohol consumption and its weight on alcoholic cirrhosis. We collected extensive data from 193 sovereign countries as well as 50 states and 3,144 counties in the United States. Data sources included World Health Organization, World Meteorological Organization, and the Institute on Health Metrics and Evaluation. Climate parameters comprised Koppen-Geiger classification, average annual sunshine hours, and average annual temperature. Alcohol consumption data, pattern of drinking, health indicators, and alcohol-attributable fraction (AAF) of cirrhosis were obtained. The global cohort revealed an inverse correlation between mean average temperature and average annual sunshine hours with liters of annual alcohol consumption per capita (Spearman's rho -0.5 and -0.57, respectively). Moreover, the percentage of heavy episodic drinking and total drinkers among population inversely correlated with temperature -0.45 and -0.49 (P < 0.001) and sunshine hours -0.39 and -0.57 (P < 0.001). Importantly, AAF was inversely correlated with temperature -0.45 (P < 0.001) and sunshine hours -0.6 (P < 0.001). At a global level, all included parameters in the univariable and multivariable analysis showed an association with liters of alcohol consumption and drinkers among population once adjusted by potential confounders. In the multivariate analysis, liters of alcohol consumption associated with AAF. In the United States, colder climates showed a positive correlation with the age-standardized prevalence of heavy and binge drinkers. Conclusion: These results suggest that colder climates may play a causal role on AAF mediated by alcohol consumption.
95th Global

AccesS level

Green Accepted

Mentions data

PAPER MENTIONS
Clinical Medicine
  •   Twitter
  • 53
  •   Wikipedia
  • 0
  •   News
  • 167
  •   Policy
  • 0
Global Ranking
  •   Twitter
  • 53
  •   Wikipedia
  • 0
  •   News
  • 167
  •   Policy
  • 0

Mentions Chart

Influratio by dimension
  • Twitter
  • Wikipedia
  • News
  • Policy
PAPER MENTIONS
  •   Twitter
  • 53
  •   Wikipedia
  • 0
  •   News
  • 167
  •   Policy
  • 0
PROYECTO FINANCIADO POR PLAN NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN AGENCIA ESTATAL DE INVESTIGACIÓN, MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN. PID2019-109127RB-I00